24

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ENTRY YEAR MONTH DAY NO. FIRSTNATIONSURRENDERING OTHERSURRENDERER LOCATIONNAME COUNTY INDEXTEXT PAGE VOLUME
852 1820 7 20 24 MOHAWK TYENDENAGA TOWNSHIP HASTINGS PART OF TYENDENAGA TOWNSHIP, HASTINGS COUNTY (52 SQUARE MILES) 54 I

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24

Date: 1820/07/20

23 25

Source document pg. 1[1]
pg.2
pg.3
pg.4
pg.5

Source Document Transcription

No. 24.


This Indenture made the Twentieth day of July, in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty, between John Green, Anthony Smart, Joseph Smart, Brant Koa, Nicholas Crawford, David Claus, Daniel Green, Tawaneway, Abram Markle, Moses Lewis, Francis Markle, and John Hill, Chiefs and Principal Men of the Mohawk or Six Nations Indians possessing and residing on the tract of land commonly called the Mohawk Township, in the County of Hastings, in the Midland District, of the one part, and Our Sovereign Lord George the Fourth of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King Defender of the Faith of the other part. Whereas His late Majesty King George the Third of Glorious Memory, in consideration of the attachment and fidelity of the Chief Warriors and People of the Six Nations of Indians, and being desirous of showing His royal approbation of the same, and of recompensing the losses they had sustained, did give and grant unto the Chief Warriors and the people of the said Six Nations and their heirs forever, all that district or territory of land, being parcel of a certain district lately purchased of the Mississagua Nation and bounded as follows, that is to say: In front by the Bay of Quinté, between the mouths of the River Shannon and Bowin’s Creek, about twelve miles, westerly by a line running north sixteen degrees west from the west side of the mouth of the River Shannon, and easterly by a line running north sixteen degrees west from the mouth of Bowin’s Creek, and northerly by a line running east sixteen degrees north and west sixteen degrees south at the distance of about thirteen miles back from the Bay of Quinté, measured on the western boundary aforesaid to the northeast angle of the Township of Thurlow, with a proviso or condition in the said grant contained, that if at any time the said Chiefs, Warriors, women and people of the said Six Nations should be inclined to dispose of and surrender their use and interest in the said district or territory, the same should be purchased only for Our said Sovereign Lord the King, His Heirs and Successors at some assembly of the Chief Warriors and people to be held for that purpose.

And whereas by articles of Provisional agreement entered into at Kingston, in the County of Frontenac, in the Midland District and Province of Upper Canada, on the twenty-first day of May, in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and nineteen, between the Honorable William Claus, Esquire, Deputy Superintendent General of Indian Affairs, on the part and behalf of His late Majesty King George the Third, of the one part, and the Chiefs and Principal Men of the Mohawk Nation claiming and residing on the said tract or parcel of land, of the other part, they the said Chiefs and Principal Men of the Mohawk Nation, for the consideration hereafter mentioned, did agree as well on their own behalf as on behalf of the Mohawk Nation residing as aforesaid, to sell to His said Majesty, His heirs and successors, a certain part or portion of the said tract of land so granted to them as aforesaid, as the same is hereinafter particularly described. Now this Indenture witnesseth that John Green, Anthony Smart, Joseph Smart, Brant Koa, Nicholas Crawford, David Claus, Daniel Green, Tawaneway, Abram Markle, Moses Lewis, Francis Markle and John Hill, Chiefs and Principal Men of the Mohawk Nation claiming and residing on the said tract of land, commonly called the Mohawk Township, in the Bay of Quinté, for and in consideration of the annual sum or payment of four hundred and fifty pounds of lawful money of the Province of Upper Canada to be paid in each and every year to the Mohawk Indians residing on the said tract, and their posterity forever hereafter in goods at the Montreal prices, have and each of them hath granted, bargained, sold, surrendered, released and yielded up, and by these presents do and each of them doth, grant, bargain, sell, surrender, release and yield up unto our present sovereign Lord the King’s most excellent Majesty, His heirs and successors, all and singular that parcel or tract of land in the Mohawk Township, on the Bay of Quinté, in the County of Hastings, in the Midland District, bounded on the west by the eastern limit of the allowance for road on the eastern boundary of Thurlow, on the east by the western limit of the allowance for road on the western boundary line of Richmond, and on the north and south by unconceded lands of the said Indians, containing fifty-two square miles, which said fifty-two square miles are described as follows, that is to say:

Commencing at the southwest angle of the said tract, where a post has been planted at the distance of fifty chains from the southern limit of the allowance for road in front of the second concession of Thurlow in the eastern limit of the allowance for road on the eastern boundary of the said Township of Thurlow on a course south sixteen degrees east at the distance of seventy-five chains from the mouth of Salmon River, in the Bay of Quinté, measured on the eastern limit of the said boundary, on a course north sixteen degrees west; thence north eighty-two degrees thirty minutes east parallel to a line produced from the front of the second concession in Thurlow to the front of the third concession of Richmond, eight hundred and sixteen chains, eighty-seven links, more or less, to where a post has been planted at the southeast angle of the said tract in the western limit of the allowance for road on the western boundary of the Township of Richmond, at the distance of one hundred and sixty-three chains from the Bay of Quinté; thence north sixteen degrees thirty minutes west along the western limit of the said allowance for road four hundred and fourteen chains to where a post has been planted at the northeast angle of the said tract; thence south eighty-two degrees thirty minutes west parallel to the southern boundary eight hundred and sixteen chains eighty-seven links, more or less, to where a post has been planted at the northwest angle of the said tract, in the eastern limit of the allowance for road on the eastern boundary of Thurlow; thence south sixteen degrees east along the said limit four hundred and fourteen chains, more or less, to the place of beginning; containing thirty-three thousand two hundred and eighty acres, more or less, together with all and every of the woods and underwoods, ways, waters, water courses, improvements, profits, commodities, hereditaments and appurtenances thereon lying and being, or thereto belonging, or in any wise appertaining, and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues and profits thereof, with their and every of their appurtenances; and also all the estate, right, title, interest, trust, property, claim and demand whatsoever, both at law and in equity of them, the said chiefs and principal men and of the said people of the Mohawks or Six Nations Indians and their heirs and posterity forever, of, in, to, or out of the said parcel or tract of land, and premises herein last particularly described, with their and every of their appurtenances, to have and to hold the said tract or parcel of land, containing fifty-two square miles (equal to thirty-three thousand two hundred and eighty acres of land) above described, and premises with the appurtenances unto our said Sovereign Lord, the now King, His heirs and successors forever, to the only proper use, benefit and behoof of our said Sovereign Lord, the now King, His heirs and successors forever, and the Honorable William Claus, Esquire, Deputy Superintendent-General of Indian Affairs, as aforesaid, on behalf of our said Lord the King, His heirs and successors, doth for himself and his successors in office, covenant and agree to pay or cause to be paid yearly and every year in perpetuity, to the said Mohawk Indians now residing on the said tract, commonly called the Mohawk Township, and to their posterity, the said sum of four hundred and fifty pounds of lawful money of the said Province of Upper Canada, to be paid in goods at the Montreal prices.

In Witness Whereof, the above named Chiefs and Principal men of the said Mohawk or Six Nations Indians and the said Honorable William Claus on behalf of His said Majesty, have to these presents set and put their hands and seals the day and year first above written.


Signed, sealed and delivered in presence of


J. Tredennick, Capt. 70th Regt.

G. A. Goldfrop, Lieut. 70th Regt.

Robert V. Kerr,

John Claus,

John Ferguson,

Benj. Fairchild.


W. Claus, Dy. S.G. of I.A., on behalf of the Crown. [L.S]

John Green, [L.S]

Anthony Smart, [L.S.]

Joseph Smart, [L.S.]

Brant Koa, [L.S.]

Nicholas Crawford, [L.S.]

David Claus, [L.S]

Daniel Green, [L.S.]

Tawaneway, [L.S.]

Abram Markle, [L.S.]

Moses Lewis, [L.S.] Francis Markle, [L.S.]

John Hill, [L.S.]


It is hereby expressly declared to be understood and agreed upon by and between the parties to the within Indenture at the time of the execution thereof, that the consideration for the purchase of the land thereby surrendered shall be paid in the following manner, that is to say, that instead of a gross annual payment of four hundred and fifty pounds in goods as within mentioned each individual of the Mohawks or Six Nations Indians now residing on the Mohawk tract in the Bay of Quinté, shall receive during his, her or their life or lives an annual payment of two pounds and ten shillings in goods at the Montreal prices, that being about the share or dividend that would accrue to each individual according to the present population, and that such annual payment of two pounds and ten shillings in goods as aforesaid shall be made forever hereafter to every individual that may be residing in the said tract at the time of the annual distribution and shall be in full discharge of the consideration in the within deed mentioned, provided that each individual be descended from the present lawful and rightful occupiers of the said tract, and provided also that the amount of each payment shall never exceed in any one year the sum of four hundred and fifty pounds.


Witnesses:


J. Tredennick, Capt. 70th Regt.

G. A. Goldfrop, Lieut. 70th Regt.

Robert V. Kerr,

John Claus,

John Ferguson,

Benj. Fairchild.


John Green, [L.S]

Anthony Smart, [L.S.]

Joseph Smart, [L.S.]

Brant Koa, [L.S.]

Nicholas Crawford, [L.S.]

David Claus, [L.S]

Daniel Green, [L.S.]

Tawaneway, [L.S.]

Abram Markle, [L.S.]

Moses Lewis, [L.S.]

Francis Markle, [L.S.]

John Hill, [L.S.]File:24.txt


  1. Canada Department of Indian Affairs. Indian Treaties and Surrenders, from 1680-1890. Ottawa: S.E. Dawson printer to the King’s most excellent majesty, 1905.