163

From Mapping Land Theft by Canada
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Index Text

Click "Expand" to expand index table

ENTRY YEAR MONTH DAY NO. FIRSTNATIONSURRENDERING OTHERSURRENDERER LOCATIONNAME COUNTY INDEXTEXT PAGE VOLUME
121 1877 9 22 163 BLACKFOOT ASSINIBOIA AND ALBERTA DISTRICTS, N.W.T TREATY NO. 7. PARTS OF ASSINIBOIA AND ALBERTA DISTRICTS, N.W.T 56 II
122 1877 12 4 163 BLACKFOOT ADHESION TO TREATY NO. 7 62 II
129 1877 9 22 163 BLOOD ASSINIBOIA AND ALBERTA DISTRICTS, N.W.T TREATY NO. 7. PARTS OF ASSINIBOIA AND ALBERTA DISTRICTS, N.W.T 56 II
1012 1887 9 22 163 PEIGAN ASSINIBOIA; ALBERTA, NWT DISTRICTS TREATY NO. 7. PARTS OF ASSINIBOIA AND ALBERTA DISTRICTS, N.W.T. 56 II
1101 1877 9 22 163 SARCEE ASSINIBOIA; ALBERTA,NWT DISTRICTS TREATY NO. 7. PARTS OF ASSINIBOIA AND ALBERTA DISTRICTS, N.W.T. 56 II
1219 1877 9 22 163 STONY OR ASSINIBOINE ASSINIBOIA AND ALBERTA DISTRICTS TREATY NO. 7. PARTS OF ASSINIBOIA AND ALBERTA DISTRICTS 56 II
1290 1877 9 22 163 BLACKFOOT, PEIGAN, CARCEE AND STONY ASSINIBOIA; ALBERTA, NWT DISTRICTS TREATY NO. 7 -- BY BLACKFOOT, PEIGAN, CARCEE AND STONY INDIANS. PARTS OF ASSINIBOIA AND ALBERTA DISTRICTS, N.W.T. 56,62 II
1291 1877 12 4 163 BLACKFOOT, PEIGAN, CARCEE AND STONY ASSINIBOIA; ALBERTA,NWT DISTRICTS TREATY NO. 7 -- BY BLACKFOOT, PEIGAN, CARCEE AND STONY INDIANS. PARTS OF ASSINIBOIA AND ALBERTA DISTRICTS, N.W.T. 56,62 II

Click here for a full screen map

163

Date: 1877/09/22

162 164

Source document pg. 1[1]
pg.2
pg.3
pg.4
pg.5
pg.6
pg.7

Transcribed Source Document

No. 163.


Articles Of A Treaty made and concluded this twenty-second day of September, in the year of Our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and seventy-seven. Between Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland by Her Commissioners the Honourable David Laird, Lieutenant-Governor and Indian Superintendent of the North-west Territories and James Farquharson Macleod, C.M.G., Commissioner of the North-west Mounted Police, of the one part, and the Blackfeet, Blood, Piegan, Sarcee, Stoney and other indigenous inhabitants of the territory north of the United States boundary line, east of the Central Range of the Rocky Mountains and south and west of Treaties numbers six and four, by their Head Chiefs and Minor Chiefs or Councillors chosen as hereinafter mentioned, of the other part.

Whereas the Indians inhabiting the said territory have, pursuant to an appointment made by the said Commissioners, been convened at a meeting at the “Blackfoot Crossing” of the Bow River to deliberate upon certain matters of interest to Her Most Gracious Majesty of the one part and the said Indians of the other.

And whereas, the said Indians have been informed by Her Majesty’s Commissioners that it is the desire of Her Majesty to open up for settlement and such other purposes as to Her Majesty may seem meet a tract of country bounded and described as hereinafter mentioned, and to obtain the consent thereto of Her Indian subjects inhabiting the said tract, and to make a treaty and arrange with them, so that there may be peace and good-will between them and Her Majesty; and between them and Her Majesty’s other subjects; and that Her Indian people may know and feel assured of what allowance they are to count upon and receive from Her Majesty’s bounty and benevolence.

And whereas the Indians of the said tract, duly convened in council, and being requested by Her Majesty’s Commissioners to present their Head Chiefs and Minor Chiefs or Councillors, who should be authorized on their behalf to conduct such negotiations and sign any treaty to be founded thereon, and to become responsible to Her Majesty for the faithful performance by their respective Bands of such obligations as should be assumed by them—the said Blackfeet, Blood, Piegan and Sarcee Indians have therefore acknowledged for that purpose the several Head and Minor Chiefs; and the said Stoney Indians, the Chiefs and Councillors who have subscribed hereto; that thereupon in open council the said Commissioners received and acknowledged the Head and Minor Chiefs and Chiefs and Councillors presented for the purpose aforesaid.

And whereas the said Commissioners have proceeded to negotiate a treaty with the said Indians, and the same has been finally agreed upon and concluded as follows, that is to say: The Blackfeet, Blood, Piegan, Sarcee, Stoney and other Indians inhabiting the district hereinafter more fully described and defined do hereby cede, release, surrender and yield up to the crown of Canada for Her Majesty the Queen and Her successors forever, all their rights, titles and privileges whatsoever to the lands included within the following limits, that is to say:

Commencing at a point on the International Boundary due south of the western extremity of the Cypress Hills; thence west along the said boundary to the central range of the Rocky Mountains or to the boundary of the Province of British Columbia; thence north-westerly along the said boundary to a point due west of the source of the main branch of the Red Deer River; thence south-westerly and southerly following on the boundaries of the tracts ceded by the treaties numbered six and four to the place of commencement.

And also all their rights, titles and privileges whatsoever to all other lands wherever situated in the North-west Territories, or in any other portion of the Dominion of Canada.

To have and to hold the same to Her Majesty the Queen and Her successors forever.

And Her Majesty the Queen hereby agrees with Her said Indians, that they shall have right to pursue their vocations of hunting throughout the tract surrendered as heretofore described, subject to such regulations as may from time to time be made by the Government of the country, acting under the authority of Her Majesty, and saving and excepting such tracts as may be required or taken up from time to time for settlement, mining, trading or other purposes by Her Government of Canada, or by any of Her Majesty’s subjects duly authorized therefor by the said Government.

It is also agreed between Her Majesty and Her said Indians that reserves shall be assigned them of sufficient area to allow one square mile for each family of five persons, or in that proportion for larger and smaller families, and that said reserves shall be located as follows, that is to say:

First, the reserves of the Blackfeet, Blood and Sarcee Bands of Indians shall consist of a belt of land on the north side of the Bow and South Saskatchewan Rivers, of an average width of four miles along said rivers, down stream, commencing at a point on the Bow River twenty miles north-westerly of the Blackfoot crossing thereof, and extending to the Red Deer River at its junction with the South Saskatchewan; also, for the term of ten years, and no longer, from the date of the concluding of this treaty, when it shall cease to be a portion of said Indian reserves, as fully, to all intents and purposes, as if it had not at any time been included therein, and without any compensation to individual Indians for improvements: of a similar belt of land on the south side of the Bow and Saskatchewan Rivers, of an average width of one mile along said rivers, down stream, commencing at the aforesaid point on the Bow River, and extending to a point one mile west of the coal seam on said river, about five miles below the said Blackfoot Crossing, beginning again one mile east of the said coal seam and extending to the mouth of Maple Creek, at its junction with the South Saskatchewan; and beginning again at the junction of the Bow River with the latter river, and extending on both sides of the South Saskatchewan in an average width on each side thereof of one mile; along said river against the stream to the junction of the Little Bow River with the latter river; reserving to Her Majesty, as may now or hereafter be required by Her for the use of Her Indian and other subjects from all the reserves hereinbefore described, the right to navigate the above-mentioned rivers, to land and receive fuel and cargoes on the shores and banks thereof, to build bridges and establish ferries thereon, to use the fords thereof, and all the trails leading thereto, and to open such other roads through the said reserves as may appear to Her Majesty’s Government of Canada necessary for the ordinary travel of Her Indian and other subjects, due compensation being paid to individual Indians for improvements when the same may be in any manner encroached upon by such roads.

Secondly, the reserve of the Piegan Band of Indians shall be on the Old Man’s River, near the foot of the Porcupine Hills, at a place called “Crow’s Creek.”

And thirdly, the reserve of the Stoney Band of Indians shall be in the vicinity of Morleyville. In view of the satisfaction of Her Majesty with the recent general good conduct of Her said Indians, and in extinguishment of all their past claims, She hereby, through Her Commissioners, agrees to make them a present payment of twelve dollars each in cash, to each man, woman and child of the families here represented.

Her Majesty also agrees that next year, and annually afterwards forever, She will cause to be paid to the said Indians in cash, at suitable places and dates of which the said Indians shall be duly notified, to each Chief twenty-five dollars, each Minor Chief or Councillor (not exceeding fifteen Minor Chiefs to the Blackfeet and Blood Indian Bands, and five Councillors to the Stoney Bands), fifteen dollars, and to every other Indian of whatever age five dollars, the same, unless there be some exceptional reason, to be paid to the heads of families for those belonging thereto.

Further, Her Majesty agrees that the sum of two thousand dollars shall hereafter every year be expended in the purchase of ammunition for distribution among the said Indians; provided that if at any future time ammunition becomes comparatively unnecessary for said Indians, Her Government, with the consent of said Indians, or any of the Bands thereof, may expend the proportion due to such Band otherwise for their benefit.

Further, Her Majesty agrees that each Head Chief and Minor Chief, and each Chief and Councillor duly recognized as such, shall once in every three years, during the term of their office, receive a suitable suit of clothing, and each Head Chief and Stoney Chief in recognition of the closing of the treaty, a suitable medal and flag, and next year, or as soon as convenient each Head Chief and Minor Chief and Stoney Chief shall receive a Winchester rifle.

Further, Her Majesty agrees to pay the salary of such teachers to instruct the children of said Indians as to Her Government of Canada may seem advisable, when the said Indians are settled on their reserves and shall desire teachers.

Further, Her Majesty agrees to supply each Head and Minor Chief and each Stoney Chief, for the use of their Bands, ten axes, five hand-saws, five augers, one grindstone, and the necessary files and whetstones.

And further, Her Majesty agrees that the said Indians shall be supplied as soon as convenient, after any Band shall make due application therefor, with the following cattle for raising stock, that is to say: For every family of five persons and under, two cows; for every family of more than five persons and less than ten persons, three cows; for every family of over ten persons, four cows; and every Head and Minor Chief and every Stoney Chief, for the use of their Bands, one bull; but if any Band desire to cultivate the soil as well as raise stock, each family of such Band shall receive one cow less than the above mentioned number, and in lieu thereof, when settled on their reserves and prepared to break up the soil, two hoes, one spade, one scythe and two hay forks, and for every three families one plough and one harrow; and for each Band enough potatoes, barley, oats and wheat (if such seeds be suited for the locality of the reserves) to plant the land actually broken up. All the aforesaid articles to be given once for all for the encouragement of the practice of agriculture among the Indians.

And the undersigned Blackfeet, Blood, Piegan, and Sarcee Head Chiefs and Minor Chiefs, and Stoney Chiefs and Councillors, on their own behalf and on behalf of all other Indians inhabiting the tract within ceded, do hereby solemnly promise and engage to strictly observe this Treaty, and also to conduct and behave themselves as good and loyal subjects of Her Majesty the Queen. They promise and engage that they will, in all respects, obey and abide by the law; that they will maintain peace and good order between each other, and between themselves and other tribes of Indians, and between themselves and others of Her Majesty’s subjects, whether Indians, Half-breeds or whites, now inhabiting or hereafter to inhabit any part of the said ceded tract; and that they will not molest the person or property of any inhabitant of such ceded tract, or the property of Her Majesty the Queen, or interfere with or trouble any person passing or travelling through the said tract, or any part thereof, and that they will assist the officers of Her Majesty in bringing to justice and punishment any Indian offending against the stipulations of this Treaty, or infringing the laws in force in the country so ceded.

In Witness Whereof, Her Majesty’s said Commissioners, and the said Indian Head and Minor Chiefs, and Stoney Chiefs and Councillors, have hereunto subscribed and set their hands at the ‘“Blackfoot Crossing” of the Bow River the day and year herein first above written.

Signed by the Chiefs and Councillors within named, in presence of the following witnesses, the same having been first explained by James Bird, Interpreter.

David Laird, Lt.-Gov. of North-west Territories and Special Indian Commissioner.

James F. Macleod, Lt.-Col., Com. N.W.M.P., and Special Indian Comr.


A. G. Irvine, Ass’t Comr. N.W.M.P.

J. McDougall, Missionary.

Jean L’Heureux, Interpreter.

W. Winder, Inspector.

T. N. F. Crozier, Inspector.

E. Dalrymple Clark, Lt. and Adjt., N.W.M.P,

A. Shurtliff, Sub-Inspector,

C. E. Dening, Sub-Inspector,

W. D. Antrobus, Sub-Inspector,

Frank Norman, Staff Constable,

Mary J. Macleod,

Julia Winder,

Julia Shurtliff,

E. Hardisty,

A. McDougall,

E. A. Barrett,

Constantine Scollen, Priest.


Witness to signatures of Stonixosak and those following:

Charles E. Conrad,

Thos. J. Bogg.


Chapo-Mexico, or Crowfoot, Head Chief of the South Blackfeet.

Matose-Apiw, or Old Sun, Head Chief of the North Blackfeet

Stamixotokan, or Bull Head, Head of the Sacees.

Mekasto, or Red Crow, Head Chies of the South Bloods.

Natose-Onistors, or Medicine Calf,

Pokapiw-otocan, or Bad Head

Sotenah, or Rainy Chief, Head Chief of the North Bloods.

Takoye-Stamix, or Fiend Bull,

Akka-kitcipimiw-otas, or Many Spotted Horses,

Attistah-macan, or Running Rabit,

Pitah-pekis, or Eagle Rib

Sakoye-aotan, or Heavy Shield, Head Chief of the Middle Blackfeet,

Yoatze-tapitapiw, or Setting on an Eagle Tail, Head Chief of the North Piegans.

Akka-makkoye, or Many Swans,

Apenako-sapop, or Morning Plume

Mas-gwa-ah-Sid, or Bear’s Paw,

Che-ne-ka, or John,

Ki-chi-pwot, or Jacob,

Stamix-osok, or Bull Bacfat,

Emitah-Apiskinne, or White Striped Dog,

Matapi-Komotziw, or the Captive or Stolen Person,

Apawawakosow, or White Antelope,

Makoye-kin, or Wolf Collar,

Aya-stipis-simat, or Heavily Whipped,

Kissoum, or Day Light,

Pitah-otocan, or Eagle Head,

Apaw-stamix, or Weasel Bull,

Onistah-Wapiski, or White Calf

Netah-kitei-pi-mew, or Only Spot,

Akah-otos, or Many Horses,

Stokimatis, or The Drum,

Pitah-annes, or Eagle Robe,

Pitah-otsikin, or Eagle Shoe,

Stamix-ota-ka-piw, or Bull Turn Round,

Maste-Pitah, or Crow Eagle,

James Dixon,

Abraham Kichepwot,

Patrick Kechepwot,

Patrick Kechepwot,

George Moy-any-men,

George Crawlor,

Ekas-kine, or Low Horn,

Kaya-okosis, or Bear Shield,

Ponokah-stamix, or Bull Elk,

Omaksi Sapop, or Big Plume,

Onistah, or Calf Robe,

Pitah-siksinum, or White Eagle,

Apaw-onistaw, or Weasel Calf,

Ottista-haes, or Rabbit Carrier,

Pitah, or Eagle,

Pitah-onistah, or Eagle White Calf,

Kaye-tapo, or Going to Bear,


We, the members of the Blackfoot Tribe of Indians, having had explained to us the terms of the treaty made and concluded at the Blackfoot Crossing of the Bow River on the twenty-second day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy-seven.

Between Her Majesty the Queen, by Her Commissioners duly appointed to negotiate the said treaty, and the Blackfeet, Blood, Piegan, Sarcee, Stoney and other Indian inhabitants of the country within the limits defined in the said treaty, but not having been present at the councils at which the articles of the said treaty were agreed upon, do now hereby, for ourselves and the Bands which we represent, in consideration of the provisions of the said treaty being extended to us and the Bands which we represent, transfer, surrender and relinquish to Her Majesty the Queen, Her heirs and successors to and for the use of Her Government of the Dominion of Canada, all our right, title and interest whatsoever which we and the said Bands which we represent have held or enjoyed, of, in and to the territory described and fully set out in the said treaty; also, all our right, title and interest whatsoever to all other lands wherever situated, whether within the limits of any other treaty heretofore made or hereafter to be made with Indians, or elsewhere in Her Majesty’s Territories, to have and to hold the same unto and for the use of Her Majesty the Queen, Her heirs and successors forever.

And we hereby agree to accept the several benefits, payments, and reserves promised to the Indians under the Chiefs adhering to the said treaty at the Blackfoot Crossing of the Bow River; and we solemnly engage to abide by, carry out and fulfill all the stipulations, obligations, and conditions therein contained on the part of the Chiefs and Indians therein named, to be observed and performed and in all things to conform to the articles of the said treaty, as if we ourselves and the Bands which we represent had been originally contracting parties thereto and had been present at the councils held at the Blackfoot Crossing of the Bow River, and had there attached our signatures to the said treaty.

In Witness Whereof, James Farquharson Macleod, C.M.G., one of Her Majesty’s Commissioners appointed to negotiate the said treaty, and the Chief of the Band hereby giving their adhesion to the said treaty, have hereunto subscribed and set their hands, at Fort Macleod, this fourth day of December, in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy-seven.

Signed by the parties hereto in the presence of the undersigned witnesses, the same having been explained to the Indians by the said James Farquharson Macleod, one of the Commissioners appointed to negotiate the said treaty, through the Interpreter, Jerry Potts, in the presence of:

James F. Macleod, Lt. Col., Special Indian Commissioner

Neaux Ristomach, (Three Bulls.)


A. G. Irvine, Assist. Comr.

E. Dalrymple Clark, Lieut.-Adjt., N.W.M.P.

Charles E. Conrad.

W. Winder, Inspector.


Recorded 18th February, 1878.

Lib. 60, Folio 66.


L. A. Catellier,

Dep. Registrar-General of Canada.

  1. Canada Department of Indian Affairs. Indian Treaties and Surrenders, from 1680-1890. Ottawa: S.E. Dawson printer to the King’s most excellent majesty, 1905.