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ENTRY YEAR MONTH DAY NO. FIRSTNATIONSURRENDERING OTHERSURRENDERER LOCATIONNAME COUNTY INDEXTEXT PAGE VOLUME
234 1781 5 12 1 CHIPPEWA/OJIBBEWA MICHILIMAKINAK OR MACKINAW ISLAND BETWEEN LAKES HURON AND MICHIGAN MICHILIMAKINAK OR MACKINAW ISLAND, IN STRAITS OF MACKINAW, BETWEEN LAKES HURON AND MICHIGAN 1 I
236 1790 5 19 1 CHIPPEWA/OJIBBEWA DELAWARE; WESTMINSTER; NORTH DORCHESTER TOWNSHIPS ESSEX, KENT, ELGIN, MIDDLESEX ESSEX COUNTY EXCEPT ANDERDON TOWNSHIP AND PART OF WEST SANDWICH; KENT COUNTY EXCEPT ZONE TOWNSHIP AND GORES OF CHATHAM AND CAMDEN; ELGIN COUNTY EXCEPT BAYHAM TOWNSHIP AND PARTS OF SOUTH DORCHESTER AND MALAHIDE; IN MIDDLESEX COUNTY, DELAWARE AND WESTMINSTER TOWNSHIPS AND PART OF NORTH DORCHESTER 1 I
731 1781 5 12 1 CHIPPEWA MACKINAW OR MICHILIMAKINAK ISLAND STRAITS OF MACKINAW (MACKINAW OR MICHILIMAKINAK ISLAND, STRAITS OF MACKINAW BETWEEN LAKES HURON AND MICHIGAN)--BY CHIPPEWA INDIANS. TO LT. GOV. SINCLAIR 1 I
1166 1781 5 12 1 CHIPPEWA MACKINAW OR MICHILIMAKINAK ISLAND STRAITS OF MACKINAW ROBERT SINCLAIR, LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR -- BY CHIPPEWA INDIANS. MACKINAW OR MICHILIMAKINAK ISLAND, STRAITS OF MACKINAW, BETWEEN LAKES HURON AND MICHIGAN 1 I


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Transcribed Source Document Texts

By these Presents We the following Chiefs Kitchi Negou or Grand Sable, Pouanas, Kousse and Magousseihigan in behalf of ourselves and all others of our Nation, the Chipwas, who have or can lay claim to the hereinmentioned Island, as being their Representatives and Chiefs, by and with mutual consent do surrender and yield up into the hands of Lieutenant-Governor Sinclair, for the behalf and use of His Majesty George the Third, of Great Britain, France and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, &c., &c., &c., His Heirs, executors, administrators for ever, the Island of Michilimakinac, or as it is called by the Canadians, La Grosse Isle (situate in that Strait which joins the Lakes Huron and Michigan), and we do hereby make for ourselves and posterity a renunciation of all claims in future to said Island. We also acknowledge to have received, by Command of His Excellency Frederick Haldimand, Esq., Governor of the Province of Quebec, General and Commander in Chief of all His Majesty’s Forces in Canada, &c., &c., &c., from the said Lieutenant Governor Sinclair on His Majesty’s behalf, the sum of Five thousand Pounds New York Currency, being the adequate and complete value of the beforementioned Island of Michilimakinac, and have signed two Deeds of this tenor and date in the presence of Matthew Lessey, John Macnamara, David Rankin, Henry Bostwick, Benjamin Lyons, Etienne Campion and P. Ant. Tabeau, the underwritten witnesses, one of which Deeds is to remain with the Governor of Canada and the other is to remain at this Post to certify the same, and We promise to preserve in our Village a Belt of Wampum of seven feet in length to perpetuate, secure and be a lasting memorial of the said transaction to our Nation for ever hereafter, and that no defect in this Deed from want of Law Forms or any other shall invalidate the same.

In Witness Whereof, We the above mentioned Chiefs do set our hands and seals this twelfth day of May, in the year of Our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-one, and the twenty-first year of His Majesty’s reign.

Source document[1]

ROBERT SINCLAIR,

               Lt.-Governor and Commandant,

JOHN MONPESSOR,

               Capt. commanding a Detacht. of the King’s Regiment,

R. B. BROOKE,

               Lieut. King’s or Eight Regiment,

JOHN ROBERT MCDOUGALL,

               Ensign, King’s or Eight Regiment

MATT. LESSEY,

DAVIN RANKIN,

HENRY BOSTWICK,

BENJAMIN LYONS,

ET. CAMPION,

P. ANT. TABEAU.


(totem) KITCHIE NEGOU, his mark, [L.S.],

(totem) the mark of POUANAS, [L.S.],

(totem) mark of POUANAS and KOUSSE, the same mark but different Chiefs, [L.S.]

(totem) mark of MAGOUSSEIHIGAN, [L.S.]

(totem) OKAH, [L.S.]

  1. Canada Department of Indian Affairs. Indian Treaties and Surrenders, from 1680-1890. Ottawa: S.E. Dawson printer to the King’s most excellent majesty, 1905.